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Baoji (or Paoki) is an important junction point for the line to Chengdu, in Sichuan province. It is also a newly flourishing industrial center with manufactures of textiles, machinery, and chemicals. The name sometimes appears as Pao-chi. Baoji is the birth place of Chinese ancestor Yandi and the cradle of Zhou (11th century BC-221BC) and Qin (221BC-206) dynasties. It was once called 'Chencang' in ancient times. It is said that in 757 AD of the Tang Dynasty (618-907), a stone cock on a mountain crowed, hence the name of 'Baoji' (meaning precious cock). In 2003, Baoji turned into a city from a county and formed the present administrative division. Baoji has complex geographic features. Mountains are in the south, west and north and Wei River is in the middle. Mountains and hills occupy about 83 % of the whole area while the left are plains. Baoji belongs to the warm and subhumid climate zone. Winter is dry and cold while summer is hot and rainy. In autumn, rains always last for several days. The city has the most rainfall among all the cities in middle Shaanxi. Spring and autumn are the best seasons to visit Baoji, when it is neither too cold nor too hot. Every April, many tourism festivals and temple fairs are held, providing a good opportunity to know about the local culture.   Population: 3,760,000 Area: 18,200 square kilometers (7,027 square miles) Administrative Division: 3 districts (Weibin, Jintai, Chencang); 9 counties (Fengxiang, Qishan, Fufeng, Meixian, Longxian, Qianyang, Linyou, Fengxian, Taibai)
Famen Temple Tiantai Mountain

Famen Temple

           Situated about 10 km north of the county seat of Fufeng inBaoji city, Shanxi province, 118 km west of Xi’an , Famen Temple is a famous Buddhist temple which holds the genuine relics of Gautama Buddha (Sakyamuni). Patronized by a succession of emperors, this temple became one of the four most sacred Buddhist sanctuaries in China. It is said that the temple was first built in the tenth year of Emperor Ming Di's reign (67 A.D.) in the Eastern Han Dynasty, and was once named "Cheng Shi Dao Chang". Later its name was changed to "Famen Temple" by the Tang Emperor Gao Zu (Li Yuan) in 625.

            In 631, Emperor Tai Zong (Li Shimin) issued a decree to renovate the temple, and made it subject to none but the imperial court. Thereafter the temple underwent various changes during the succeeding dynasties of Song, Ming, and Qing. It suffered a great deal of damage during the period of the Republic of China (1912 - 1949). Since the founding of the People's Republic of China, however, Famen Temple has received care and protection from the People's Government. At present, the temple has not only been restored to its original state, but has also been expanded on an even grander scale.

            The vault underneath the Tang Pagoda for the Genuine Relics of Sakyamuni in Famen Temple was discovered in April 1987. Among the large findings unearthed from the crypt are invaluable treasures of the Tang Dynasty and the only known relics of Sakyamuni's finger bones. This unprecedented discovery ignited great excitement among Buddhists, archaeologists, and tourists all over the world. It was a major event not only in the history of Buddhism, but also in the history of world civilization. Famen Temple was immediately acclaimed as "the ninth wonder of the world".

            After liberation, a three-story building in the Tang architectural style was built adjacent to Famen Temple, in order to propagate Chinese ancient culture and exhibit and preserve the excavated treasures and cultural relics. While stressing the theme of Buddhist culture in ancient China, the exhibition also traces the history of Famen Temple. Today Famen Temple has become a sacred place for both Buddhism and tourism. Walking around the temple, the visitors are able to drink in the beauty of numerous scenic spots. At the same time, they will get a deeper understanding of its splendid history and culture. Famen Temple is indeed a bright gem in the treasure house of Chinese historical and cultural relics.

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Hi Jerry.
Nice to hear from you. I am back in New Zealand....Thank you so much for guiding this tour . This was our first time travel to China and I really enjoyed it. Everything was great.  The Mountain and River and Lakes that I visited are so b...

DanielFrom New Zealand