Bada Shanren(Mountain man of eight greatnesses)
Also known by his given name Zhu Da，A Chinese painter and poet. A descendant of the imperial Zhu family of the Ming dynasty (1368–1644) and a leading artist of the early Qing period (1644–1911),。Zhu Da painted flowers, birds， fish, and landscapes in a distinctive and highly dramatic calligraphic style. His paintings reveal a strong sense of dissatisfaction and loneliness. by using simple forms executed by bold and vigorous calligraphic brush strokes. Distorted images, hanging cliffs and twisted trees give the viewer a strong feeling of discomfort and instability, beautifully displaying Zhuda’s unique talent and ability to convey the inner world of the images depicted in his art. Unlike many painters during the early Qing Dynasty who were obsessed with imitating masters of the past using highly stylized brush work, Bada Shanren was an unrestrained individualist, he broke away from accepted conventions and offered something fresh and daring. In Japan his paintings are highly respected and have come to symbolize the spirit of Zen Buddhism although himself deserted this faith in favor of Daoism
The unluck thing is, Zhu Da went mad one day, laughing and crying uncontrollably, he tore off his priest’s robe and set it on fire. One possible reason for his madness was the death of his beloved Buddhist master Abbot Hong Min and later his patron Hu Yitang. However, others believe that he faked insanity in order to avoid being engaged in everyday society under the Qing rule. Whatever the real story is, it is hard to ignore the eccentricity of his art and the bizarre mood it reveals. Like Qi Baishi later during the beginning of the 20th century, Bada Shanren’s art has an attractive simplicity and na?ve aura that borders the crude and childish. This special spirit in his art has the power to communicate natures' and mans' deepest feelings. His famous signature written vertically in irregular script turned into a kind of trade mark that symbolized his unique personality and bizarre, and from then on he lived as an itinerant painter. outlook.
Bada Shanren represents yet another climax in the literati tradition of painting, he remains a towering figure in the art of China and is becoming better known in the west as more find interest in Chinese traditional art.